A breast mass, also known as a breast lump, is a localized swelling that feel different from the surrounding tissue. Breast pain, nipple discharge, or skin changes may be present. Concerning findings include masses that are hard, do not move easily, are of an irregular shape, or are firmly attached to surrounding tissue.
Causes include fibrocystic change, fibroadenomas, breast infection, galactoceles, and breast cancer. Breast cancer makes up about 10% of breast masses. Diagnosis is typically by examination, medical imaging, and tissue biopsy. Tissue biopsy is often by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Repeated examination may be required.
Treatment depends on the underlying cause. It may vary from simple pain medication to surgical removal. Some causes may resolve without treatment. Breast masses are relatively common. It is the most common breast complaint with the women’s concern generally being that of cancer.
Fibrocystic breast changes
Other benign mammary dysplasia and neoplasms
|Other names||Breast lump, breast tumor|
|A breast lump associated with an inverted nipple and skin dimpling. The underlying cause was breast cancer.|
|Symptoms||An area of the breast that feel different than the surrounding tissue|
|Causes||Fibrocystic change, fibroadenomas, breast infection, galactoceles, breast cancer|
|Diagnostic method||Examination, medical imaging, tissue biopsy|
|Treatment||Depends on the underlying cause|